We are interested in understanding the relationship between Bayesian inference and evidence theory. The concept of a set of probability distributions is central both in robust Bayesian analysis and in some versions of Dempster-Shafer’s evidence theory. We interpret imprecise probabilities as imprecise posteriors obtainable from imprecise likelihoods and priors, both of which are convex sets that can be considered as evidence and represented with, e.g., DS-structures. Likelihoods and prior are... Topics: Bayesian inference, evidence theory
KPL023 - INFERENCE "SHEETS OF RAIN WEAVE SILK E.P" 1. Clouds Inside 2. Sheets Of Rain Weave Silk 3. Static Chant 4. In The Tow Written and produced by Alistair Stray Cover by John Fahkner Alistar Stray : Stray has been involved in many areas of experimental and electronic music for the last 20 to 25 years, as well as being a visual artist, filmmaker and animator (8mm through video to digital). 'Inference' is his techno and dub techno solo project, the first releases of which... Topics: dubtechno, inference, kopoc, kpl023
This volume is a collection of five papers. Two chapters deal with problems in statistical inference, two with inferences in finite population, and one deals with demographic problem. The ideas included here will be useful for researchers doing works in these fields. Topics: statistical inference, demographic problem
The article presents a concept of Dezert-Smarandache theory application for enhancing security in tactical mobile ad- hoc network. Tactical MANET, due to its specification, requires collection and processing of information from different sources of diverse security and trust metrics. The authors specify the needs for building a node’s situational awareness and identify data sources used for calculations of trust metrics. They provide some examples of related works and present their own... Topics: situational awareness, trust, inference methods
Autif Kamal talks about the implications one may infer about factors or causes that are lacking. That inference is what negative assumptions are. Topics: Inference, Assumptions, Negative, Causes, Lacking
For the past decade, several archaeologists have advocated the development of middle-range theory as a way to give objective meaning to the archaeological record (e.g., Bettinger 1987; Binford 1977, 1983b; Thomas 1983, 1989; Torrence 1986). They argue that we must translate the static archaeological record into behaviorally dynamic terms by documenting causal linkages between relevant behaviors and their static material by-products. This is accomplished, they argue, by making observations today... Topics: Archaeology, Middle-Range Theory, Inference
The article presents a concept of Dezert-Smarandache theory application for enhancing security in tactical mobile ad-hoc network. Tactical MANET, due to its specification, requires collection and processing of information from different sources of diverse security and trust metrics. The authors specify the needs for building a node’s situational awareness and identify data sources used for calculations of trust metrics. They provide some examples of related works and present their own... Topics: situational awareness, trust, inference methods
This paper proposes the use of a peak tendency estimator (PTE) based on Dezert Smarandache Theory (DSmT) and fuzzy inference to overcome two inherent limitations of a recently proposed partial Haar dual adaptive filter (PHDAF) for sparse echo cancellation. Topics: Dezert Smarandache Theory (DSmT), fuzzy inference
Fuzzy classification has become very necessary because of its ability to use simple linguistically interpretable rules and has get control over the limitations of symbolic or crisp rule based classifiers. This paper mainly deals with classification on the basis of soft computing techniques Fuzzy cognitive maps and fuzzy inference system. But the data available for classification contain some missing or ambiguous data so it is better to use the Neutrosophic logic for classification. Topics: Classification, Fuzzy cognitive maps, Fuzzy inference system
Book digitized by Google from the library of the New York Public Library and uploaded to the Internet Archive by user tpb. Topics: god, thy, jhall, doth, hath, inference, firft, chrift, fecond, sin, third inference, fecond... Source: http://books.google.com/books?id=XykPAAAAIAAJ&oe=UTF-8
Book digitized by Google from the library of Oxford University and uploaded to the Internet Archive by user tpb. Topics: god, thy, jhall, chrift, inference, doth, firft, hath, bis, fecond, fecond inference, third... Source: http://books.google.com/books?id=h_ACAAAAQAAJ&oe=UTF-8
Fuzzy classification is very necessary because it has the ability to use interpretable rules. It has got control over the limitations of crisp rule based classifiers. This paper mainly deals with classification on the basis of soft computing techniques fuzzy cognitive maps and fuzzy inference system on the lenses dataset. The results obtained with FIS shows 100% accuracy. Sometimes the data available for classification contain missing or ambiguous data so Neutrosophic logic is used for... Topics: Classification, Fuzzy cognitive maps, Fuzzy inference system
byFligner, Michael A., 1950-; Moore, David S. Introduction to the practice of statistics
Vendu comme un tout intitulé: W.H. Freeman upgrade study pack qui comprend, en plus du "study guide" de M.A. Fligner, E-stat pack to accompany Introduction to the practice of statistics, 5E : student version (4 cédéroms : StatTutor lessons) ; Software manuals to accompany Introduction to the practice of statistics, fifth edition : featuring manuals for Excel, Minitabl, S-PLUS, SPSS, JMP, T1-83 graphing calculator (1 cédérom) Topics: Inférence statistique, Statistique, Analyse statistique, Statistique mathématique
The concept of inference is one of the global concepts used for the explanation of cognitive processes. There exist mainly two types of characterisation: the logical and the psychological. These different characterisations are based on the difference between inference and rule of inference. Information processing systems can be formalised as inferential systems, i.e. systems with inferential processes. The fundamental concepts of this formalisation, those of dynamical inferential systems and... Topics: proposition, logical form, inference, time restriction
This Logic & Reasoning workshop is about the inferences which can and cannot be made between propositions which have the same quality, but different quantity. If you know how to identify a subaltern relationship, you will be more aware of how to not make over-generalizations. Originally Aired: 11/16/12 Topics: Proposition, Subaltern, Quantity, Quality, Inference, Generalization
The aim of this paper is to introduce and investigate a novel method for constructing multivariate lifetime distributions. The idea is based on the combined use of copula and mixtures. Both have been used on their own for constructing multivariate lifetime distributions, but with only moderate success. Our aim is to show that their joint use possesses some distinct advantages. Topics: Bayesian Inference, Dependence, Frank’s Copula, Gaussian copula, Gompertz Distribution, Mixture
Goal: 1) to meet science and applications user needs with respect to rapid access to MODIS data especially as related to wildfire management 2) to provide enhanced public outreach for EOS and some of the unique capabilities of MODIS Approach: 1) to develop a flexible, streamlined and rapid MODIS processing and distribution (data access) system with global coverage and value added products to augment the MODIS Standard Products 2) reuse of software, hardware and expertise (esp. COTS) 3) to... Topics: CODERS, CERTIFICATION, PROVING, INFERENCE, DOMAINS, ALGORITHMS, SAFETY, CUTTING
byPaxson, Daniel E.; Litke, Paul J.; Schauer, Frederick R.; Bradley, Royce P.; Hoke, John L
Unsteady thrust augmentation was measured on a large scale driver/ejector system. A 72 in. long, 6.5 in. diameter, 100 lb(sub f) pulsejet was tested with a series of straight, cylindrical ejectors of varying length, and diameter. A tapered ejector configuration of varying length was also tested. The objectives of the testing were to determine the dimensions of the ejectors which maximize thrust augmentation, and to compare the dimensions and augmentation levels so obtained with those of other,... Topics: BRAIN, BAYES THEOREM, NEUROPHYSIOLOGY, NEUROLOGY, MENTAL PERFORMANCE, VARIABILITY, TASKS, INFERENCE
Expert systems are part of a general category of computer applications known as intelligence. Expert system are designed to solve complex problems. Expert Systems is a branch of AI designed to work within a particular domain. To solve expert-level problems, expert systems will need efficient access to a substantial domain knowledge base, and a reasoning mechanism to apply the knowledge to the problems they are given. Usually they will also need to be able to explain, to the users who rely on... Topics: Artificial Intelligence, Expert System, Knowledge base, Inference engine, ETL tool.
Conventional economic wisdom suggests that congestion pricing would be an appropriate response to cope with the growing congestion levels currently experienced at many airports. Several characteristics of aviation markets, however, may make naive congestion prices equal to the value of marginal travel delays a non-optimal response. This paper has developed a model of airport pricing that captures a number of these features. The model in particular reflects that airlines typically have market... Topics: WORLD WIDE WEB, SEMANTICS, INFERENCE, LANGUAGES, ARTIFICIAL INTELLIGENCE
byLevri, Julie A.; Boulanger, Richard; Hoganm John A.; Rodriquez, Lui
An On-line Technology Information System (OTIS) is currently being developed for the Advanced Life Support (ALS) Program. This paper describes the preliminary development of OTIS, which is a system designed to provide centralized collection and organization of technology information. The lack of thorough, reliable and easily understood technology information is a major obstacle in effective assessment of technology development progress, trade studies, metric calculations, and technology... Topics: SOFIA (AIRBORNE OBSERVATORY), SCHEDULES, FLIGHT PLANS, COMPUTATION, COSTS, INFERENCE
byTilton, James C.; Marchisio, Giovanni; Koperski, Krzysztof; Datcu, Miha
The Hierarchical Segmentation (HSEG) algorithm is an approach for producing high quality, hierarchically related image segmentations. The VisiMine image information mining system utilizes clustering and segmentation algorithms for reducing visual information in multispectral images to a manageable size. The project discussed herein seeks to enhance the VisiMine system through incorporating hierarchical segmentations from HSEG into the VisiMine system. Topics: MATHEMATICAL LOGIC, OPTIMIZATION, MATHEMATICAL MODELS, GRAPH THEORY, INFERENCE, AXIOMS
Five composite sandwich panels were fabricated using vacuum assisted resin transfer molding (VARTM). Four of these panels had E-glass/vinylester facesheets and one had carbon/epoxy facesheets. The sandwich panels had different density PVC foam cores. The four E-glass panels had core densities of 80, 100, 130, 200 kg/cu m. The sandwich with carbon/epoxy 3 facesheets had a core with density of 100 kg/cu m. Fracture tests were conducted using a modified Cracked Sandwich Beam (CSB) test... Topics: CLASSIFICATIONS, KNOWLEDGE REPRESENTATION, LANGUAGE PROGRAMMING, SYNCHRONOUS METEOROLOGICAL...
From the bitsavers.org collection, a scanned-in computer-related document. mit :: ai :: aim :: AIM-1344 Topics: inference, horn, set, feedback, template, backchaining, polynomial, local, sets, rule, local rule,...
In this collection of 51 videos, MIT Teaching Assistants solve selected recitation and tutorial problems from the course 6.041SC Probabilistic Systems Analysis and Applied Probability. See the 6.041 Probabilistic Systems Analysis and Applied Probability Fall 2010 Internet Archive collection for the video lectures. View the complete course: http://ocw.mit.edu/6-041SCF13 Instructors: Qing He, Jimmy Li, Jagdish Ramakrishnan, Katie Szeto, and Kuang Xu License: Creative Commons BY-NC-SA More... Topics: probability, statistical inference, Bayesian probability, Markov chains, random processes,...
A computer program that belongs to the class known among software experts as output truth-maintenance-systems (output TMSs) has been devised as one of a number of software tools for reducing the size of the knowledge base that must be searched during execution of artificial- intelligence software of the rule-based inference-engine type in a case in which data are missing. This program determines whether the consequences of activation of two or more rules can be combined without causing a... Topics: NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS), KNOWLEDGE BASED SYSTEMS, ARTIFICIAL INTELLIGENCE, COMPUTER...